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HISTORY OF HAIRDRESSING PROFESSION 1
The term “Coiffeur” in Turkish comes from the French word “Coffeur&rdquo ;.Although the Turkish language was used as the “Barbershop” at the beginning, the term hairdresser began to be used in the 1970s.
Hairdressing profession features a history dating back centuries. There are always a lot of efforts from ancient times to the full time that women get beautiful by styling their hair. This required the hairdressing profession and hair design experts.
At the root of the profession will be the practices of those people who are enthusiastic about the hair and care of noble women from the ruling family through the Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece period. We count these folks who use haircuts, decorations and hair care, the very first known hairdressers in history.
Hair and Beauty in Ancient Egypt
There were hair designs that stood out in fashion in the ancient Egypt period. In addition, the process of giving a shine to the hair was applied with henna for hair dyeing. Opening the entanglements of the hair and heating the curler and even shaping the eyebrows were among the duties of the first hairdressers. The hair was cut on straight shoulders, the part from where the hair separation started initially to the forehead was decorated using lotus flowers. Additionally, wearing band-like ornaments on the forehead was one of the very common hairstyles among Egyptian women. A care oil made from hippo oil was also applied to noble women by the first hairdressers for hair care as pomade. Furthermore, metal inlaid headbands were attached and the hair was straightened by heating.
First, straight hair as much as the shoulders was used, then longer and braided hair started initially to be preferred. In addition, facial care has gained importance in addition to hair , lips are painted with red and eyebrows with black paint. Henna was used for dyeing hair. The wig was also designed during this period, and the dyeing and care of the wigs was among the first hairdresser’s duties.
Hair Design in Ancient Greece
The ancient Greeks favored simplicity when it comes to fashion. A tubular metal tool was used to wave the hair. This primitive hair styler, called “Calamilstrum”, consisting of two thin and thick pipes, was filled up with hot ash to the thin pipe, the hair was wrapped in this pipe and inserted to the thick pipe.
Another hairstyle was buns. Ahead of the buns, straight or wavy hair was placed in the hair bag and left to the back and attached. Silver or golden hair nets are created in this culture. Then, knot-shaped buns were made on the nape, colored hair bands were formed and different buns were made by wrapping the hair with them. In the Hellenistic period, hair tresses started to be made out of bronze corrugated sticks. It absolutely was an apparatus just like curlers. By wrapping it it helped to shape the hair.
The prominence of blonde hair fashion brought individuals who wanted to lighten their hair. The initial Greek hairdressers tried to show the hair color yellow and lighten using the saffron flower.
As an indispensable stop in personal service, hairdressers are as important as their current forms. Hairdressers, certainly one of the most important elements of our daily and social life, and their work go back to earliest pens times. In Mesopotamia, the sole task of hairdressers was not to cut hair or beard. These people are also known to have powers in many different areas such as tooth extraction, circumcision, scabies and lice treatment, tattooing, and they’ve served folk medicine for a lot of years.
It is famous that Queen Cleopatra had her hairdresser that she never separated from her side. Taking into consideration the magnificence of the queen and her passion for milk, this makes sense. Actually, it may be said that hairdressers have gained a reputation with this particular interest of Cleopatra. This word arises from our language in French, but the foundation is located in the ancient Mesopotamian language, the Aramaic word Karepor, and the phrase berber also arises from Bibire.
Today, in this profession, which is not just about shortening hair and beard for men, many colors and models were produced that surprised us. Although this profession is dependant on master apprentice relationship in our country, there are lots of hairdressers who take their education and create wonders in this regard. This profession, which requires a special ability and aptitude, as in handicrafts, attracts attention as an aesthetic area with its innovations day by day.
It is also noteworthy that the curiosity about this developing sector is not caused by a single woman, although the cause of this interest in hairdressers, which will be contained in every street, is so it guarantees that women love caring and splendor. Since the concept of metrosexuality has become widespread, men find plenty of detail interventions in themselves aesthetically. Although it is not a style that matches well inside our country, nearly all women like that their men are well-groomed.
New designs produced by individuals who are proficient in their profession appeal to people and bring not just aesthetics but also originality for all people who are seeking to produce a difference. Everyone is pleased to look beautiful because this can be a feature that positively affects both socialization and mental health, and the fact anyone is self-confident brings results on our body health, along side peace and peace.
Hair Care and Design in Romans
In the Romans, the profession of hairdressing became individuals have been individually assigned to the homes of the hairdressers, and they became autonomous people in the shops. There were also autonomous employees in the shops called “Tonstrina&rdquo ;.The duties of the tonsor working here included hair cutting, shaving, manicure and pedicure. A person who provided the service to get rid of unwanted hair was also in this shop as an “epilator&rdquo ;.Lime, sea salt, chamomile extract and egg yolk were applied and the hair was kept in sunlight all day because blond hair was also very popular in the Romans. In reality, since these methods were not sufficient, trade was made and yellow wigs and hairpieces were bought from the Germans.